General Certificate of Education
Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level
Paper 5 The
History of the
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST
If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet.
Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Answer four questions.
You must answer Question 1 (Section A) and any three questions from Section B.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
All questions in this paper carry equal marks.
SECTION A: The Road to Secession and Civil War, 1846-61
You must answer Question 1.
THE SLAVERY QUESTION IN THE
1 Read the sources and then answer the question.
house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot
endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the
Abraham Lincoln, speech to the Republican State Convention, Springfield, Illinois, 17 June 1858.
a party is enthroned in
their control of the Government of the
in our present position of power and unity, we have the raid of John Brown,
what will be the measure of insurrection and incendiarism, which must follow
our notorious and abject prostration to Abolition rule at
Do the people of the South really entertain fears that a Republican administration would, directly, or indirectly, interfere with their slaves or with them, about their slaves? If they do, I wish to assure you, as once a friend, and still, I hope, not an enemy, that there is no cause for such fears.
South would be in no more danger in this respect than it was in the days of
is wrong and ought to be restricted. That I suppose is the rub. It certainly is the only substantial difference
Abraham Lincoln, letter to Alexander H. Stephens (later Vice-President of the Confederacy),
22 December 1860.
Civil War was rendered inevitable because a reconciliation between opposing
moral and social forces could not be effected. It might have been averted had
the North yielded to the South and in
‘Lectures on the American Civil War’ by
does one account for the North’s vehement refusal to acquiesce in secession,
its passionate attachment to the
From a book by a contemporary British historian, 1990.
Now answer the following question.
‘The slavery issue undoubtedly caused the American Civil War.’ Use sources A-E to show how far the
evidence confirms this statement.
You must answer three questions from this section.
2 Assess the main factors involved in taming the ‘Wild West’ between 1865 and 1896.
3 ‘He was completely unfitted for the office of President.’ To what extent is this a fair judgement on Grant during his two Presidential terms?
4 Assess the impact of immigration on American social and economic life in the period from 1865 to the First World War.
5 Evaluate the leadership role of Martin Luther King in the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s.
How far were
the 1920s in the
reasons why the
8 ‘In the 1950s and 1960s religion permeated every aspect of American life but how far there was a genuine religious revival remains uncertain.’ Assess the accuracy of this contention.