Carter Woodson, a Black historian and educator, The Mis-education of the Negro (1933)

"Neither this inadequately supported [industrial education] school system nor the struggling higher institutions of a classical order established about the same time . . . connected the Negroes very closely with life as it was. These institutions were concerned rather with life as they hoped to make it. When the Negro found himself deprived of influence in politics, therefore, and at the same time unprepared to participate in the higher functions in the industrial development which this country began to undergo, it soon became evident to him that he was losing ground in the basic things of life. He was spending his time studying about the things which had been or might be, but he was learning little to help him to do better the tasks at hand."